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9B Past Perfect. Grade 7. Level B1

Past Perfect Forms

The past perfect is formed usinghad+ past participle. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject andhad. Negatives are made withnot.

( Past Perfect laikas sudaromas su modaliniu veiksmažodžiu Had ir veiksmažodžio 3 forma pvz. I had done, I had studied- visiem asmenim sudarymas vienodas, neiginį sudarom pridėdami not, klausimą sudarom had iškeldami į sakinio priekį)

  • Statement:Youhad studiedEnglish before you moved to New York.
  • Question:HadyoustudiedEnglish before you moved to New York?
  • Negative:YouhadnotstudiedEnglish before you moved to New York.

Past Perfect Use

USE Completed Action Before Something in the Past

The past perfect expresses the idea that something happened before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past. ( Past Perfect laikas naudojamas norint pasakyti kad vienas veiksmas įvyko anksčiau nei kitas veiksmas praeityje pvz. Prieš eidamas miegoti aš padariau namų darbus –Before I went to bed I had done my homework)

Taigi pirma padariau namų darbus(had done my homework- šis veiksmas įvyko anksčiau todėl jis yra Past Perfect laiku, o tada nuėjau miegot ( I went to bed- šis veiksmas įvyko vėliau todėl jis Past Simple laiku)

Examples:

  • Ihadneverseensuch a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.
  • I did not have any money because Ihad lostmy wallet.
  • Tony knew Istanbul so well because hehad visitedthe city several times.
  • HadSusan everstudiedThai before she moved to Thailand?
  • She only understood the movie because shehad readthe book.
  • Kristinehadneverbeento an opera before last night.
  • We were not able to get a hotel room because wehad not bookedin advance.
  • A:Hadyou evervisitedthe U.S. before your trip in 2006?
    B: Yes, Ihad beento the U.S. once before.

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